When Did the Celebration of Black History Month Began

Black History Month’s roots trace back to “Negro History Week” in 1926, officially becoming a month-long celebration in 1976.

Black History Month, a month-long celebration that honors the achievements and contributions of African Americans, has become an integral part of American culture. But when did the celebration of Black History Month begin? To understand its origins, we need to trace back to the inception of “Negro History Week” in 1926, which eventually evolved into the month-long celebration we know today in 1976.

The Birth of Negro History Week

In 1926, Carter G. Woodson, a historian and co-founder of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (now known as the Association for the Study of African American Life and History), proposed the idea of dedicating a week to celebrate the achievements of African Americans. This week was initially known as “Negro History Week.”

Woodson chose the second week of February for this celebration to coincide with the birthdays of two influential figures in African American history: Abraham Lincoln on February 12th and Frederick Douglass on February 14th. These dates were already widely recognized and celebrated within the African American community.

The primary objective of Negro History Week was to raise awareness and promote the study of African American history, which had been largely overlooked and neglected in mainstream education. Woodson believed that by highlighting the contributions and struggles of African Americans, it would help combat racial prejudice and foster a greater understanding and appreciation of their rich heritage.

Evolving into Black History Month

As the years went by, Negro History Week gained popularity and recognition across the United States. Schools, community organizations, and even some states began to embrace the celebration and incorporate it into their curriculum and events.

However, it wasn’t until 1976, during the United States Bicentennial, that Negro History Week officially became Black History Month. The expansion from a week-long celebration to a month-long observance was proposed by President Gerald Ford, who urged Americans to “seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history.”

With President Ford’s endorsement, Black History Month was established as a national observance, providing an entire month dedicated to recognizing the achievements and contributions of African Americans. This change allowed for a more comprehensive exploration and appreciation of African American history, culture, and achievements.

The Significance of Black History Month

Black History Month holds immense significance in American society. It serves as a reminder of the struggles and triumphs of African Americans throughout history, highlighting their resilience, creativity, and perseverance in the face of adversity.

By celebrating Black History Month, we acknowledge the invaluable contributions made by African Americans in various fields, including art, literature, science, politics, and civil rights. It provides a platform to educate and inspire future generations, fostering a deeper understanding and appreciation of the African American experience.

Black History Month also serves as a call to action, encouraging individuals and communities to confront and address issues of racial inequality and social justice. It reminds us of the ongoing work needed to achieve equality for all and serves as a catalyst for positive change.


The celebration of Black History Month traces its roots back to “Negro History Week” in 1926, which was later expanded to a month-long observance in 1976. This annual celebration serves as a vital opportunity to honor and recognize the achievements and contributions of African Americans throughout history. By understanding the origins of Black History Month, we can appreciate its significance and continue to promote inclusivity, equality, and respect for all.

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